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Mount Abu, situated at a average height of 1,219 mtr's above sea level, is the
oasis in the deserted land of Rajasthan and posses the honor of being the only
hill-station in Rajasthan as well as north-west India, The world famous tourist
destination is known for its Delwara Jain temples and natural beauty world
over, situated amidst lush green forested hills on the highest peak in the
Aravali range is also the summer capital for the Indian state of Rajasthan,
home to lakes, waterfalls and green forests, the hill retreat, has a very cool
and soothing climate thanks to its rich flora covering the entire hillside
that includes coniferous trees and flowering shrubs. Mount Abu with its word-class
tourist facilities with hotels ranging from budget class to three star and
heritage provides a great holiday escape and honeymoon attraction. Every year
more then three million national and international tourists visit mount abu
enjoying its scenic beauty, rich flora & fauna as well as the marble art
of delwara jain temples.
Mount Abu is declared closed area since 1965. Although, complete area of 328 sq. km. of Abu Hills is declared protected but officially 112.98 sq. km. is under unnotified sanctuary area (Anon., 2003). In shape, Mt. Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is long and narrow but the top spreads out into a picturesque plateau, which is about 19 km in length and 5-8 km in breadth. Once home to the meditating rishi and munis, the legend has it that Mount Abu is home to 33 crore Gods and Goddess. According to the legend the name Abu means son of Himalayas (or Ar-Booda, "the hill of wisdom"), deriving its name from Arbuada - the powerful serpent, which rescued Nandi the sacred bull of Lord Shiva. Mount Abu has been home, to many rishis and munis (sages and saints), including the famous Rishi Vashishtha, who is believed to have created four Agnikul Rajput clans, from a fire- pit, by performing a yagna or fire sacrifice, to protect the earth from the demons.
In historic times, Mount Abu was leased by the The East-India Company (British empire) from the Maharajah of Sirohi, Mount Abu was used as the headquarters for the resident of Rajputana until 1947, and as a sanatorium for troops.