Although many people choose to get around Williamsburg in personal vehicles, there is an extensive public transportation network serving the Greater Williamsburg area. Williamsburg Area Transit Authority (WATA) bus services are used primarily by local residents and students for daily commutes to work, school, and shopping destinations. However, as WATA's main hub is located at the Williamsburg Transportation Center, tourists travelling to the area by Amtrak train or Greyhound bus often use WATA's services to reach their hotels and other popular destinations in the area. A one-way ticket costs $1.25, plus $0.25 for transfers, and an all-day pass (which can be used an unlimited amount of times and on all lines on the day purchased) costs $2.00. WATA also operates the Williamsburg Trolley, which services a loop connecting Merchants Square (near Colonial Williamsburg), High Street, New Town, and the College of William & Mary. You can view an interactive map of WATA's bus and Trolley routes here. For more information about the local public transportation network operated by WATA, you may call (757)220-5493 or connect with WATA on Facebook or Twitter.

The Historic Triangle Shuttle bus service which provided transportation between the Colonial Williamsburg Visitor Center and Jamestown and Yorktown has been discontinued by Colonial Williamsburg.  You will need to provide your own transportation to go from Williamsburg to the other attractions which make up the Historic Triangle as well as to Busch Gardens and Water Country.

Colonial Williamsburg also operates a regular shuttle service between its Visitor Center and select hotels and attractions in Colonial Williamsburg.  This shuttle is available only to Colonial Williamsburg ticket holders, or to those who purchase a bus pass at the Visitors Center.

The Commonwealth of Virginia and Department of Motor Vehicles has certified local bus company Oleta Coach Lines, Inc for a bus route from The Williamsburg Transportation Center to shopping malls around The Hampton Roads area. The Williamsburg bus route runs from Williamsburg to Hampton, to Newport News then back to Williamsburg. It runs twice on Tuesdays. This has been certified as a Public Convenience and Necessity bus route.