Beaune is a historic city with a past which is reflected in the architecture of the landscape.  This is most commonly seen in the fortresses and other remnants of the medieval history of the area.  However, the history of Beaune extends even further back than medieval times.  It was first founded as a Gallic area and then it was an ancient Roman city.

Up through the fifteenth century, Beaune was ruled by the dukes of Burgundy.  The last of those dukes was Charles the Bold, who died at the end of the fifteenth century.  Just before his death, the chancellor, Nicolas Rolin, founded the Hospices de Beaune ( ).  These historical hospitals mark the very beginning of the history of charity work.  Up to this day, the hospices, supported from donations through major local events, provide assistance to the needy of the area.  (Les Trois Glourieuses is the most famous of these; see for additional information.)  

Just before the death of Charles the Bold, one of the area’s first hotels was established.   The Hotel le Cap( ) is a popular historical site to this day.   After the death of Charles the Bold, the area was taken over by Louis XI and made an official part of France .