The revered Arkavati river, originating from the Nandi hills mountain, Chikkaballapura district, the river is a tributary of the river Cauveri. It flows through Ramanagara and Kanakapura and confluences at Sangama.
The Arkavati river, in addition to being one of the most revered rivers in Karnataka, is also one of the most prominent source of water for Bengaluru.
The river, once a major source, has now been reduced to a pitying state due to neglect, miss-use, unchecked plantation of trees like Eucalyptus / cash crops and of course onslaught of modernization.
The Palar river source too is situated on Nandi hills. Here too the river has run underground and hope it does not vanish completely. The Palar river runs through Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu before emptying itself into the Bay of Bengal.
Though I have visited the origin of these rivers previously, visiting it now leaves me with grief and a sense of helplessness. Though there have been conversation and protection plans rolled out by NGOs and the Government, it remains only on paper or not effective.
One other attraction nearby is the Amrutha Sarovara Kalyani (Step-tank). It is perennial and the tank is always fed with water through an underground source. It is not surprising though, considering that you have two major river sources / spring close by.
It seems Tippu Sultan used to use this Kalyani before his prayers and there is in fact a small prayer pedestal near the Kalyani said to be the one used by Tippu for the prayers.
The other attractions in and around Nandi betta:
Tippu's summer lounge
The big Nandi near the caves
The gardens & Gandhi house on Nandi hills
Nandi betta trekking trail
Nandi Hills view point
Yoga Nandeshwara Temple atop the Nandi hill
Bhoga Nandeshwara Temple near Nandi village
Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple
Go for it if you are fed-up with the city hustle and want some peaceful time. The Hills are just under 66 kms from Bengaluru.
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