ARIES stands for Aryabhatta Research Institute for Observational Sciences. 8 km away from Nainital on Manora Peak is the observatory which is one of India's oldest. Prior permission is needed to visit the observatory where studies in astrophysics are conducted.
We were showed the radio telescope which was being used to record the prominence in the sun which results in sun flares that sometimes disrupt radio and satellite communications.
There are studies being conducted to record the relative humidity, ozone levels, etc in the atmosphere for which a balloon is sent up and the readings taken at different levels from the ground.
The views from the observatory are marvelous and one can spend some time there.
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