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Memorial Complex Brest Hero Fortress

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Address: Masherova St., Brest 224018, Belarus
Phone Number: +375 162 20-00-12
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Recommended length of visit: 1-2 hours
Description:

The Brest Fortress (the Brest-Litovsk Fortress) was one of the fortresses...

The Brest Fortress (the Brest-Litovsk Fortress) was one of the fortresses built in 1830-40s to strengthen the western borders of the Russian Empire. It was commissioned on April 26, 1842 and was considered as one of the strongest European fortresses of that period. However it wasn't tested in real battles for a long time. During the World War I the garrison was evacuated according to the order of the High Command and the Fortress was used as a Headquarters of Kaiser's Germany Eastern Front. After October Socialist Revolution Russia became Soviet. On the territory of the Brest Fortress the Soviet government signed the Brest-Litovsk Peace Treaty with Germany and its allies (March 3, 1918), declaring the end of the WWI between them. After the Soviet-Polish war the Fortress ceded to Poland and was used as a military cantonment of the Polish Army. When the World War II erupted the Polish garrison was defending the Fortress from German aggressors for 3 days, but had to leave it. In September 1939 the Brest Fortress became Soviet. Two military divisions of the Red Army were stationed here. The Western Bug river flowing through the Fortress became a new borderline between Germany and the Soviet Union. On June 22, 1941 Germany invaded the USSR all along its borders. Units of Wehrmacht attacked the Fortress at 4.15 in the morning and surrounded it by 9 a.m. About 4.000 Soviet soldiers and commanders had to engage in battle with the enemy, having no opportunity to leave the besieged Fortress. The Fortress' Defence was the defence of its separate centres without Headquarters. Only in Citadel (the Central island) the defenders managed to create the united command on June 24, 1941. By the end of June most of the Fortress' territory was controlled by the Wehrmacht, though some defence sectors fought on till July, 12 (the Eastern Redoubt). The last known defender of the Brest Fortress Major P.Gavrilov was taken prisoner of war on July 23, 1941 - on the 32nd day of the war. But there were also other defenders. One of them used his bayonet to the rifle to write his last words on the brick wall of the barracks: "I'm dying, but I'm not surrendering. Farewell to the Motherland. 20/07/41".The Brest Fortress abundantly poured with the blood of its defenders became a sacred place for the people of the USSR. It became a symbol of courage, fortitude and military valor of a Soviet soldier. For the mass heroism shown during the defence, it was awarded the title of the Hero-Fortress (May 8, 1965). To commemorate the perished defenders it was decided to build a Memorial Complex. It was designed and constructed by the group of Soviet architects and sculptors with A.Kibalnikov at the head. The opening ceremony was held on September 25, 1971. The Memorial Complex "Brest Hero-Fortress" is a national shrine of the Republic of Belarus. More than 21 mln people from 120 countries around the world have already visited it. So driving through Brest be sure to see it!

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Must see in Brest

It's large memorial complex mainly dedicated WWII. Many people visited this area from Bielarus and Russia. In the main area there is really big soviet style monument. The place is... read more

4 of 5 bubblesReviewed 4 weeks ago
Marcin K
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Pila, Poland
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697 Reviews from our TripAdvisor Community

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Showing 61: English reviews
St Helens, United Kingdom
Level Contributor
50 reviews
13 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 15 helpful votes
3 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 2 weeks ago via mobile

I didn't know what to expect but it reflected the history of the time. The mail viewing was the eternal flame and the names of Belarus's dead, who lost their lives in the war. The church which was left completely destroyed and rebuilt in the late 90's with it's bare walls and hung icons. Two statues are worth a visit... More 

Helpful?
Thank Dippy1951
Level Contributor
12 reviews
6 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 1 helpful vote
2 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 3 weeks ago via mobile

Don't be fooled by the title, there is no fortress in conventional meaning of this word. You will find gigantic concrete monsters built by commies and tons of propaganda. No single note how commies sieged the place from Poland TOGETHER with nazis a couple of years earlier

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Thank kostikk13
Pila, Poland
Level Contributor
5 reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 5 helpful votes
4 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 4 weeks ago

It's large memorial complex mainly dedicated WWII. Many people visited this area from Bielarus and Russia. In the main area there is really big soviet style monument. The place is quite and it's visible that people take care of this area. Nice to visit in the sunny summer season.

Helpful?
Thank Marcin K
Level Contributor
10 reviews
4 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 7 October 2016 via mobile

this is sophisticated historical monument surrounded by picturesque Belarusian nature is the pride of Brest and Belarus

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Thank Александр М
South Pacific
Level Contributor
46 reviews
23 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 4 helpful votes
3 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 13 September 2016

Large fortress. More interesting for those who are interested in history. Museums was closed on the Monday I visited. Nice for a walk around in the afternoon.

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Thank r7271
Chester, United Kingdom
Level Contributor
39 reviews
19 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 27 helpful votes
4 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 30 August 2016

A very interesting place that brims with cultural pride. Brutal architecture contrasts well with historical buildings. Well worth a visit.

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Thank rilliesmate
Berlin, Germany
Level Contributor
61 reviews
24 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 16 helpful votes
1 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 29 August 2016 via mobile

Too much pride, typical communist style. Loud words about the "great victory" everywhere. Dear Mr Lukashenko, put an end to the communism at last and move your country towards the Western world. No info in English, difficult to understand how to cross the road to head towards the city (it's under the bridge but it's impossible to spot it)

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Thank 34543
Moscow, Russia
Level Contributor
287 reviews
153 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 259 helpful votes
4 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 9 August 2016

A historical and tragic place for each Russian, the fortress, that was attacked the first by Nazi on 22 July 1941. The Germans planned to size the fortress in several hours, but it took them more, than a month, and thousands of dead to capture. Parking is free, entrance is also free, except for the museum. Very nice place to... More 

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Thank HappyEstray
Minsk, Belarus
Level Contributor
4 reviews
4 attraction reviews
4 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 1 August 2016

Great memorial complex to the defenders of fortress in June-July 1941. The fortress been isolated from Red Army, but the fights in fortress still took place. The sculptural composition "Thirst" does not leave anybody indifferent

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Thank Viktor A
Ziar nad Hronom, Slovakia
Level Contributor
3 reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 1 helpful vote
4 of 5 bubbles Reviewed 25 July 2016

So huge memorials. Interesting for history lovers. Brest fortress was honored Hero City (russian honorary title) statue called The Thirst

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Thank Peter J

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