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Cortona Guida Turistica Autorizzata-Silvia Vecchini - Tour Privato

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Address: Piazza della Repubblica, Cortona, Italy
Phone Number:
+39 329 2118 8253
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Description:

Cortona is a town and comune in the province of Arezzo, in Tuscany, Italy....

Cortona is a town and comune in the province of Arezzo, in Tuscany, Italy. It is the main cultural and artistic center of the Val di Chiana after Arezzo.

Originally an Umbrian city, it was conquered and enlarged by the Etruscans, who called it Curtun. During the 600's BC, it joined the Etruscan League.

Cortona eventually became a Roman colony under the name Corito. The origin-legends and ancient names of Cortona are described by George Dennis.[2] In the final stages of the Gothic War (535-554), Cortona was sacked and destroyed.

Cortona became a Ghibellinian city state in the 13th century, with its own currency. From 1325 to 1409 the Ranieri-Casali family successfully ruled the town. After being conquered by Ladislaus of Naples in 1409, Cortona was sold to the Medici in 1411. In 1737, the senior branch of the Medici line went extinct and Cortona came under the authority of the House of Lorraine. Following the Italian Wars of Independence, Tuscany - Cortona included -

The foundation of Cortona remains mixed in legends dating to classical times. These were later reworked especially in the late Renaissance period under Cosimo I de' Medici. The 17th-century Guide of Giacomo Lauro, reworked from writings of Annio da Viterbo, states that 108 years after the Great Flood, Noah entered the Valdichiana via the Tiber and Paglia rivers. He preferred this place better than anywhere else in Italy, because it was so fertile, and dwelt there for thirty years. One of Noah's descendants was Crano, his son who came to the hilltop and, liking the high position, the fine countryside and the calm air, built the city of Cortona on it in 273 years after the Great Flood.

The prevailing character of Cortona's architecture is medieval with steep narrow streets situated on a hillside (altitude 600 metres), embracing a view of the whole of the Valdichiana. From the Piazza Garibaldi (still referred to by the local population by its older name, Piazza Carbonaia) is a fine prospect of Lake Trasimeno, scene of Hannibal's ambush of the Roman army in 217 BC (Battle of Lake Trasimene). Parts of the Etruscan city wall can still be seen today as the basis of the present wall. The main street, via Nazionale, is the only street in the town with no gradient, and is still usually referred to by locals by its older name of Ruga Piana.

Inside the Palazzo Casali is the Museo dell'Accademia Etrusca, displaying items from Etruscan, Roman, and Egyptian civilizations, as well as art and artefacts from the Medieval and Renaissance eras. The distinguished Etruscan Academy Museum had its foundation in 1727 with the collections and library of Onofrio Baldelli. Among its most famous ancient artefacts is the bronze lampadario or Etruscan hanging lamp, found at Fratta near Cortona in 1840 and then acquired by the Academy for the large sum of 1600 Florentine scudi. Its iconography includes (under the 16 burners) alternating figures of Silenus playing panpipes or double flutes, and of sirens or harpies. Within zones representing waves, dolphins and fiercer sea-creatures is a gorgon-like face with protruding tongue. Between each burner is a modelled horned head of Achelous. It is supposed that the lampadario derived from some important north Etruscan religious shrine of around the second half of the fourth century BC. A later (2nd century BC) inscription shows it was rededicated for votive purposes (tinscvil) by the Musni family at that time.[3] The Museum contains several other important Etruscan bronzes.

The Fra Angelico Annunciation.

Etruscan chamber-tombs nearby include the Tanella di Pitagora[4] (halfway up the hill from Camucia): the fine masonry of the tomb stands exposed, but was formerly covered by an earth mound. two at the foot of the hillside at Il Sodo, and a complex in Camucia itself. Il Sodo I, the 'Grotta Sergardi' commonly known as 'Il Melone', contains a passage, opening into parallel passages leading to square inner chambers, within a mound about 640 ft in circumference. Although the chambers are paved with slabs of masonry the walls are constructed of pieces of rock roughly-formed into bricks.[5] This tomb can be visited. Il Sodo II contained a large stone-stepped altar platform with carved sphinxes devouring warriors.[6]

The town's chief artistic treasures are two panels by Fra Angelico in the Diocesan Museum, an Annunciation and a Madonna and Child with Saints. A third surviving work by the same artist is the fresco above the entrance to the church of San Domenico, likewise painted during his stay at Cortona in 1436. The Diocesan Museum houses also a group of work by Giuseppe Maria Crespi, known as Lo Spagnuolo, called Ecstasy of Saint Margaret. The Academy Museum includes the very well known painting Maternita of 1916 by the Cortonese artist Gino Severini. There are also examples of the works of Pietro da Cortona.

The villa Bramasole built in 1504 was used as the location for the 2003 film Under the Tuscan Sun.

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One & Only Wedding Planner and Special Events - Patrizia Pola

When my fiancé and I decided to get married in Italy, there were a few challenges we were worried about with planing the wedding while living in the US. We are so thrilled that... read more

Reviewed 3 February 2017
dpeters8686
via mobile
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57 Reviews from our TripAdvisor Community

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Showing 19: English reviews
1 review
Reviewed 3 February 2017 via mobile

When my fiancé and I decided to get married in Italy, there were a few challenges we were worried about with planing the wedding while living in the US. We are so thrilled that we found Patrizia Pola with One & Only Weddings and Special Events! She lives right in the town of Cortona, speaks Italian and her English was... More 

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Thank dpeters8686
Fort Myers, Florida
Level Contributor
4 reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 5 helpful votes
Reviewed 27 October 2015

This tour was without a doubt the worst ever. First, he forgot us and the hotel manager had to get him out of bed. He billed himself as fluent in English and a historian but never demonstrated either. His English was very poor and he wouldn't even try to communicate in other ways. We went to 3 villages, he kept... More 

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1 Thank Dawniemurf
San Antonio, Texas
Level Contributor
50 reviews
26 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 26 helpful votes
Reviewed 2 June 2015

I was expecting so much more from this small town. If you are going here to shop there is not much shopping to do. You could see the town in a half a day. I watched the movie " under the Tuscan sun" and was hoping to see some of the things I saw in the movie.

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Thank Terry H
Sydney, Australia
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2,492 reviews
1,387 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 2,312 helpful votes
Reviewed 16 April 2014

Secluded on a high spur of of Monte Egidio,Cortona is so ancient that it is called the mother of troy and the grandmother of Rome. We are up at 6.00am, as the fog begins to burn off, leaving fingers of white stretching up towards the town, the Great Cupola of Madonna del Calcinaio rises above the valley, where small islands... More 

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Thank Eli B
Cortona, Tuscany, Italy
Level Contributor
32 reviews
14 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 38 helpful votes
Reviewed 30 March 2014

We took this kind of treks, as a friend told us that we might find chestnuts in the forests, it was a pleasant trek, not to hard, and I can say about myself that I am not a great walker, but it is about 1000 m above sea level, 500 m above Cortona, in dirt walking track, you will discover... More 

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1 Thank LaMucchia
new rochelle
Level Contributor
408 reviews
226 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 195 helpful votes
Reviewed 20 December 2013

A very beautiful city with incredible views. Unlike many of the other hill towns, Cortona has a series of escalators that save you a major part of a rather strenuous climb. The city is beautiful and the views are great. We happened to be there on a market day--lots of fun. Maybe not so much fun in the summer when... More 

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1 Thank crosscreek7
Hilton Head, South Carolina
Level Contributor
5 reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 3 helpful votes
Reviewed 20 October 2013

Stefania and Anna operate an excellent cooking class out of her home in Cortona. It is a short drive from Siena. We made 6 different pizzas from scratch (Anna's specialty), a pasta dish, and a Ricotta Chocolate Torte. Everything turned out perfectly. Stefania has excellent English skills and the class was informative and lots of fun. Plenty of wine and... More 

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1 Thank Beaufort818
Bath, United Kingdom
Level Contributor
4 reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 14 helpful votes
Reviewed 30 September 2013

Turned up in a hire car and easily found a free car park. Really beautiful town. Take time to walk to the church at the top. Fantastic views.

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1 Thank Clive B
Montréal, Canada
Level Contributor
31 reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 46 helpful votes
Reviewed 12 September 2013

After 18 years of living together and having a sixteen years old daughter, my now husband and I decided to get married. We just loved Italy and decided that if we were going to do it, it would be in Cortona, Italy, We had visited this superb little town in Tuscany in 2008. We are from Canada, and even if... More 

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4 Thank dage
Willow Beach On.
Level Contributor
24 reviews
15 attraction reviews
common_n_attraction_reviews_1bd8 35 helpful votes
Reviewed 8 September 2013

One of our primary reasons for visiting Tuscany was to experience the beautiful hill village of Cortona. As we wound our way up the narrow road to the town, a magnificent vista spread out below us. Terra cotta roof tops, church domes and steeples presented themselves. Parking was a joy, walking up the steps to the piazza was like unwrapping... More 

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1 Thank Lynda B

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