After Amman hotel pickup, travel northeast to Umm el-Jimal by private, air-conditioned vehicle. Your driver will identify places of interest on route, but will not act as your guide at the site.
After a 49-mile (80-kilometer) journey, arrive at Umm el-Jimal, home to extensive Nabatean, Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic Umayyad ruins of black basalt. Then, enjoy ample time to explore, choosing to tour independently or hire a local guide (additional cost).
With a name that translates as ‘Mother of Camels,' it's believed Umm el-Jimal was a camel stop on an ancient trading route from Damascus. This strategic location meant the site was continuously occupied from the 1st to the 9th century, and consists of Nabataean inscriptions, a ruined Roman-era village, and Byzantine and Umayyad-era buildings.
View highlights like the Nabataean remnants, and Roman gate, Praetorium and fortifications, and check out the Byzantine-era cathedral, barracks, churches — the oldest from 345 AD — and houses.
Be sure to see House XVII-XVIII, the remains of a Byzantine-Umayyad residential complex. Wander around to admire its reservoir, courtyard, and still-intact, 3rd-story double-arched window — now a famous symbol of Umm el-Jimal.
Afterward, return to Amman where your tour ends with a hotel drop-off.