Kathmandu Durbar Square is situated in the heart of old Kathmandu city at Basantapur Dabali and it never fails to impress first time visitors with its ensemble of palaces, courtyards and temples built during the Malla period and the Durbar Square includes the Hanuman Dhoka Royal Palace, the historic seat of the royalty; the magnificent Taleju Temple towering more than 40 meters; Kumari Ghar, the residence of the Living Goddess, Kumari; Ashok Vinayak, also called Kathmandu Ganesh, a temple without a filial and Kal Bhairav, the God of anger. “Kathmandu” capital takes its name from the giant pagoda of Kasthamandap, which is said to have been built out of a single tree. Since the time of the Malla kings, the Durbar Square has been the city’s social, religious and political focal point.
Swoyambhunath Stupa is located on a hillock 3 km west of Kathmandu; it is one of the holiest Buddhist Chaityas in Nepal and it is said to have evolved spontaneously when the valley was created out of a primordial lake more than 2,000 years ago, the Stupa is the oldest of its kind in Nepal and has numerous shrines and monasteries on its premises.
Pashupatinath temple is situated 5 km east of Kathmandu, the temple of Lord Shiva is considered one of the most sacred Hindu shrines in the world, the two-tiered pagoda with golden roofs and silver doors houses the sacred linga, or phallic symbol, of Lord Shiva and the chronicles indicate the temple existed before 400 A.D and near the Pashupatinath temple on the banks of the Bagmati River lies Guheswori, where, according to mythology, a portion of Sati Devi, Lord Shiva’s consort, fell when a grief-stricken Shiva wandered aimlessly across the earth carrying her dead body on his shoulders following her self-immolation.
Bouddhanath Stupa is situated 8 km to the east of downtown Kathmandu and the Bouddhanath is one of the most imposing landmarks in Kathmandu, visible as soon as you land at the Tribhuvan International Airport. It is the largest Stupa in the Kathmandu valley and is the center of Tibetan Buddhism.