Auschwitz-Birkenau is the largest death camp in human history, the site of mass destruction and genocide in Europe during World War II. Currently camp Auschwitz-Birkenau is a synonym for world’s most cruel terror, genocide and atrocities. The camp was built by the Nazis in 1940 in the suburbs of Oswiecim. The total number of deaths and executions is estimated to be over 1.5-million people from 28 nationalities. Almost 90% of these people were Jews.
The former concentration camp leaves a big impression, partly because it allows you to imagine the scale of the Holocaust. Since 1979 this site has been listed on the UNESCO Cultural and Natural World Heritage list.
After your visit to Auschwitz-Birkenau, head to the Wieliczka salt mine, one of the most treasured monuments in Polish cultural history. Over a million tourists from around the world visit the salt mine yearly to see its exquisite carvings and reliefs. This unique place is listed on the UNESCO Cultural and Natural World Heritage List since 1978 placing it even higher on tourists' "to-do list". The miners left dozens of sculptures and bas-reliefs cut out of the salt, keeping their work alive for many further years. There are 800 steps to climb of which 350 at the beginning take you down into the mine. There's a lift to the top of the mine at the end of the route.