TrincomaleeFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchTrincomalee
ත්රිකුණාමලයCityCity of TrincomaleeView of Trincomalee BayTrincomaleeCoordinates: 8°34′0″N 81°14′0″ECountrySri LankaProvinceEasternDistrictTrincomaleeDS DivisionTown & GravetsGovernment • TypeUrban CouncilArea • Total7.5 km2 (2.9 sq mi)Elevation8 m (26 ft)Population (2012) • Total99,135 • Density13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)Demonym(s)TrincomaliansTime zoneUTC+5:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone) • Summer (DST)UTC+6Websitehttp://www.sathi-us.net/sindu/designs/trincomalee/
Trincomalee (English: /ˌtrɪŋkoʊməˈliː/; Tamil: திருகோணமலை Tirukōṇamalai; Sinhalese: ත්රිකුණාමළය Trikuṇāmalaya) also known as Gokanna/Gokarna, is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. Located on the east coast of the island overlooking the Trincomalee Harbour, 237 kilometres (147 mi) north-east of Colombo, 182 kilometres (113 mi) south-east of Jaffna and 111 kilometres (69 mi) miles north of Batticaloa, Trincomalee has been one of the main centres of Sri Lankan Tamil language speaking culture on the island for over two millennia. With a population of 99,135, the city is built on a peninsula of the same name, which divides its inner and outer harbours. People from Trincomalee are known as Trincomalians and the local authority is Trincomalee Urban Council. Trincomalee city is home to the famous Koneswaram temple alluded to in its historic Tamil name Thirukonamalai and is home to other historical monuments such as the Bhadrakali Amman Temple, Trincomalee, the Trincomalee Hindu Cultural Hall and, opened in 1897, the Trincomalee Hindu College. Trincomalee is also the site of the Trincomalee railway station and an ancient ferry service to Jaffna and the south side of the harbour at Muttur.
The recorded history of Trincomalee spans more than two and a half thousand years, beginning with civilian settlement associated with the Koneswaram temple in the pre-modern era. One of the oldest cities in Asia, it has served as a major maritime seaport in the international trading history of the island with South East Asia. In the ancient world, it was successively the capital of eastern kingdoms of the Vanni country, developing under the Anuradhap