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TRANSYLVANIA has got the greatest history of Eastern Europe: the main army support against the Turks and the Tartars. Between 1400-1600 the great Hunyadi-CORVIN dynasty led all these fights against the invaders. The greatest figure of all its history was indeed the famous Hungarian Prince: WLADISLAUS DRAGKULYA-KANO, also known under the nickname of "Vlad Drakula" The Impaler. His Italian soldiers called him "IL PALO" (The Stake), his Szekler soldiers called him "DRAGO" (The precious one, the beloved one) his Saxon German mercenaries used to call him "der Stoker" or "der Drachen" etc. But the Turks and the Tartars - who hated him, of course - called him "Tzepesh", because at the Bran Gorge (the pass) and also Oituz Gorge in the Eastern Carpathians there were hundreds of spears with the invaders and plunderers'skeletons.
BRASOV (in Latin "BRASSO-Vrbs"= the city of "the Arm" or "Brassovia", in German "Kronstadt"= the town of the Crown), was the main military city of Vlad Drakulya and the princiary residence of his Hunyadi-Corvin family. The upper old town, towards the foot of the mountain "Zinna" (Timpa) was his military seat. The residence was named in Magyar: "Szek" (the throne) and in the Slave version: "SKI" or "SKEI" ("the keys" of the surrounding mountains). During Vlad Drakulya's time in this old city - besides the German and the Hungarian army -, there were a lot of Polish soldiers of "Lakia" (Poland) and Lithuania, as the city was considered the main obstacle of the Turks towards the Polish capital: Krakowia. The Bastions line is the most wonderful medieval military remnant.
BRAN CASTLE (TORZBURG in German) is described in one of the most wonderful Transylvanian map belonging to the great humanist "Johannes Honter", as "Turkfest"...This particularly castle was erected in 1377 by the great Hungarian queen, Mary of Anjou-Luxemburg, so-called "Regina Maria"...Vlad Drakula - her relation and also a Szeklers Count (comites Siculorum) -, used to go and collect the increased monthly trading taxes from the Greek, Bulgar, Armenian and Turks merchants towards Transylvania. Every dissatisfaction of these or the troublemakers were punished on the spot by impaling at the stake. The tributes of the Bucorestia lowland peasantry (today "Romanians") were paid in Bran to the Brassovian Transylvanian nobility.
The greatest Transylvanian humanists NIKOLAUS OLAKUS and JOHANNES HONTER (HONTERUS/HONTI), both born in CORONA (Brasov) were VLAD DRAKULYA's direct descendants!...In the courtyard of the Black Church in Brasov, there is the bronze statue of "Johannes Honterus" one of the oldest medieval statue in Transylvania (1500).
THE BLACK CHURCH OF SAINT MARY is the most precious stone of Transylvania...Erected in 1377 by the great Queen Mary of Hungary was finished by VLAD DRAKULYA himself in 1477. The number "7" was his favourite one, as in Roman ciphers it gives his initial as a ruler of "Siebenburgen" (Transylvania in German): "VII". Until 1600 it was the largest Eastern European construction. The black colour was from the very beginning because it was dedicated to the dead ones in the battlefields. Inside the Church there is the Vlad Corvin's coat of arms.