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In the great epic 'Mahabharat' the region of Agra is described as 'Agraban' (an integral part of the Brij Bhumi or the land of Lord Krishna). The latter part of Indian history outlines the origins of Agra to 1475 A.D., during the reign of Raja Badal Singh. In the 16 th centry, Sikandar Lodhi, an Afghan King, the Delhi Sultanate of the Lodhi Dynasty Agra founded Agra as his capital. Then in 1526 A.D., the creator of the Mughal dynasty, Emporer Babur, also lived for sometime in Agra. Through Babur, Agra changed as he brought in the best quality craftsmen, artists, statesmen and warriors. It is to him the city attributes its square Persian-styled gardens. This began the city’s godeln age. Over the next few hundred years, Agra was filled with luxury and spectacle due to three great Mughal emporers, Emperor Akbar, Jehangir and ShahJahn. Their love for riches made Agra a glorous outpost of art, commerce and education. Emperor Akbar built the Agra fort and Jahangir beautified it with palaces and gardens. Shahjahan, the fifth Mughal emperor, marked the height of Mughal architecture, when he built the Taj Mahal in the 17 th century. He built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, who passed away in 1631.